This research area looks at the design, modelling, fabrication and processing of new or improved active semiconductor-based devices and systems that use electrons and photons.
This area encompasses design, modelling, fabrication and processing of new or improved devices and systems that use electrons and photons, including ultraviolet (UV), visible, infrared (IR), terahertz (THz) and microwave radiation.
This research area focuses on active semiconductor-based structures and example technologies include:
- low-dimensional structures (for example quantum dots, wires and wells) to realise device platforms such as lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) including organic LEDs, photodiodes, amplifiers, modulators, detectors, photovoltaics, receivers, switches and sensors
- novel or extended hybrid and monolithic integration strategies (for example compound semiconductors on silicon or germanium) to realise active and passive multifunctional component solutions such as combined photonic, magnetic and electronic integrated circuits.
The aims of this research area are set out below.
We aim to have a portfolio that continues to take a systems approach, to foster more informed design and enable the community to continue to address challenges beyond their domains.
This typically requires interfacing with other disciplines (for example quantum technologies, communications) and is particularly important as the range of advanced materials and device fabrication technologies has grown and diversified.
This approach will allow the area to have more impact, particularly in responding to future challenges and priorities (for example emerging quantum technologies, the internet of things). It will also allow this research area to support developments in manufacturing technologies.
Equipment and cleanroom facilities
We will continue to support a strong capability in equipment and cleanroom facilities, which are instrumental to current UK success in this area.
Optoelectronic devices and circuits
We aim to have a substantial portfolio in optoelectronic devices and circuits that includes a mixture of projects and programmes ranging in scale and scope and fostering a healthy balance between support for earlier and for more established researchers.