Funding opportunity

Funding opportunity: Climate consequences of rapid ocean changes

Apply for funding for a joint UK-US project to improve understanding of the Atlantic Meridional Overturing Circulation (AMOC) and improve climate change projections across the North Atlantic region.

For NERC funding, you must be based at a UK eligible research.

For US researcher, NSF eligibility applies: proposal and award policies and procedures guide chapter one E.

The full economic cost (FEC) of UK proposals can be up to £625,000. NERC will fund 80% of the FEC.

The US component of proposals will be funded under the lead agency agreement and costs will be limited to $625,000 per project.

Proposals must start no later than 10 November 2023 and must finish by 31 March 2026.

Who can apply

For UK applicants

Normal individual eligibility applies. Check if you are eligible for funding.

Principal investigators and co-investigators must meet the eligibility criteria in section C of the NERC research grants and fellowships handbook.

For US applicants

For NSF eligibility criteria please visit the NSF pre-submission information. US applicants should contact the Physical Oceanography  (challenges two to five) or Chemical Oceanography (challenge six) program with any queries.

All projects must be collaborative and include UK and US scientists. One integrated proposal should be submitted to NERC detailing both the UK and US contributions to the project.

You may be involved in no more than two proposals submitted to this funding opportunity. Only one of these may be as the lead principal investigator.

Only applicants who have submitted a notification of intent are able to submit full proposals.

We strongly encourage the inclusion of early career researchers through this funding opportunity. The inclusion of researcher co-investigators is also encouraged where they have made a substantial intellectual contribution to the development of the application and will be engaged with the ensuing research.

Principal investigators based outside the UK are not permitted. Co-investigators must be based in the UK or the US, except for two current exceptions:

All costs related to these two international co-investigator agreements would be funded at 100% of eligible direct costs only. The maximum amount that can be requested for all international costs is 30% of the total FEC of the project.

Funding cannot be requested for other non-UK collaborators (beyond allowable incidental expenses), who would need to be involved as a project partner.

Applications from organisations or individuals that are not eligible will be rejected without reference to panel review.

Equality, diversity and inclusion

NERC is committed to achieving equity of opportunity for all funding applicants. We encourage applications from a diverse range of researchers.

We support people to work in a way that suits their personal circumstances. This includes:

  • career breaks
  • support for people with caring responsibilities
  • flexible working
  • alternative working patterns

Find out more about equality, diversity and inclusion at UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and NERC’s diversity and inclusion action plan.

Trusted research and innovation

UKRI is committed in ensuring that effective international collaboration in research and innovation takes place with integrity and within strong ethical frameworks. Trusted research and innovation is a UKRI work programme designed to support cross-sector campaigns that protect all those working in our thriving and collaborative international sector.

Our trusted research and innovation principles set out UKRI’s expectations of organisations funded by UKRI in relation to due diligence for international collaboration.

You are encouraged to read these principles and should familiarise yourself with the resources referenced in our trusted research and innovation guidance, to get the most out of international collaboration while protecting intellectual property, sensitive research and personal information.

What we're looking for

The US-UK Climate Consequences of Rapid Ocean Changes (CCROC) programme will take advantage of a decade of coincident observations from Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) and Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program (OSNAP) observing systems. This will deliver enhanced understanding of the AMOC and improve projections of future climate change throughout the North Atlantic region.

The programme will also deliver research to enable the future transformation of AMOC observations by taking advantage of alternative observing and modelling approaches in a way that will allow for a more sustainable and lower cost future AMOC observing system.

Programme challenges

The CCROC programme’s aims will be delivered through six challenges. This funding opportunity will focus on challenges two to six. Information on challenge one can be found in the ‘additional info’ section.

Apply for funding to address one of the following challenges.

Challenge two: determining the heat and freshwater budgets of the North Atlantic Ocean using observations and models

Variations in the exchange of heat and freshwater between the ocean and atmosphere lead to changes in the circulation of both, and thus complex feedbacks in the redistribution of energy in the climate system.

This has important impacts both globally and regionally. For example, altering the rate at which the ocean absorbs excess heat from anthropogenic heating leading to changes in the rate of global surface warming, and by changing the prevalence of hurricanes and other weather systems.

The accuracy of forecasts of global surface temperature and regional climate change depend on the ability of climate models to correctly represent meridional heat and freshwater transport processes. Until now we have not had sufficient observations to assess this in models.

The challenge is to quantify the heat and freshwater budgets of the North Atlantic on interannual timescales for the full decade of overlapping RAPID and OSNAP observations (2014 to 2024) by using:

  • ocean transport measurements in the subtropical (RAPID observations) and subpolar gyres (OSNAP observations)
  • datasets of in-situ ocean temperature and salinity
  • datasets of air-sea fluxes

Measurements of heat and freshwater convergence or divergence will also be used as a benchmark for climate models to determine which models best simulate transport processes in the North Atlantic. Leading to improved predictions and projections of the future AMOC and estimates of the likelihood of AMOC slowdown, or even collapse.

Proposals should seek to enhance the international collaboration to measure the basin scale transports of heat and freshwater by making use of the transport measurements from RAPID and OSNAP observing systems, along with other data, building on existing research.

Challenge three: using RAPID and OSNAP AMOC observations to establish the predictability of North Atlantic sector climate

AMOC has been shown to have important climate impacts on interannual timescales and longer. There is relatively little work on the prediction of variability and the assessment of AMOC predictability in state-of-the-art climate models. This is especially the case at seasonal timescales where the AMOC changes could have important impacts and predictions can be robustly assessed using RAPID and OSNAP AMOC observations.

Recent work on seasonal to decadal predictions have shown that atmospheric circulation is more predictable than previous thought, but signals need to be calibrated using observations to correct their magnitude.

Research is needed to determine if AMOC predictions and projections, and climate impacts, can be improved by taking advantage of properly calibrated atmospheric predictions and the predictability of the Ekman component.

The challenge is to assess AMOC predictions and projections, and climate impacts, in state-of-the-art climate models on a range of timescales from seasonal to interannual, to decadal.

Proposals will need to explore the mechanisms that lead to predictability and determine the extent to which AMOC predictions can be improved through calibration of predictions and the implications for wider climate. In addition, the question of the attribution of past AMOC changes to either internal or external variability should be addressed.

This challenge links to the World Climate Research Programme’s new lighthouse activity on explaining and predicting the Earth system which is tasked with exploring and expanding our capability to attribute and predict changes.

Challenge four: coastal and shelf sea level and AMOC

Coastal sea level change is an important way in which people experience the effects of variations in the deep ocean and such changes have the potential for significant socio-economic impacts.

There are major implications for climate mitigation and adaptation strategies associated with coastal sea level change. It is known that the AMOC impacts the coastal sea level of the eastern US coast, and there are also open ocean subpolar North Atlantic dynamic height associations with the changing AMOC.

New analysis of the relationship between OSNAP array and sea surface height shows positive correlation with subpolar shelf-seas sea level extending to the coast. This shows the potential for past, present, and future AMOC change to imprint on coastal and shelf sea level throughout the Atlantic.

Despite progress there is still a lack of understanding of how AMOC variability imprints on coastal and shelf sea level change throughout the Atlantic Ocean. There is also a lack of mechanistic understanding of what the effects might be, with the possible exception of the US eastern seaboard.

The challenge is:

  • to develop a mechanistic understanding of how Atlantic coastal and shelf sea level will be impacted by a decreasing AMOC
  • to unpick cause and effect
  • to quantify AMOC related impact on regional sea level

This will be achieved through examining relationships between AMOC as observed by RAPID, OSNAP and measurements of sea level using Earth observation and in situ measurements. There is also a need to assess our confidence in regional and local model projections of sea level change through the new understanding gained.

Challenge five: monitoring the AMOC temporal and spatial evolution through indirect observations

The existing systems for observing the AMOC are complicated, expensive, and incomplete spatially and in terms of velocity and transport accuracy, as measurements are being made at a small number of locations in the Atlantic.

In addition, the observations only span a couple of decades at most, so there is no long-term AMOC time series on which to base understanding of decadal-to-centennial changes and their climatic impacts.

On longer timescales decadal-to-centennial proxies exist but need to be better understood because they are underpinned by model behaviour which may not fully capture the true AMOC behaviour.

Adjoint modelling has quantified the model AMOC sensitivity to regional wind and surface buoyancy fluxes, showing that AMOC can be reconstructed from the forcing over certain timescales, but this has not yet been tested in observations.

Previous investigations into using indirect measurements to observe AMOC change have been model-based and have shown that results are model-dependent. However, new analysis of four years of OSNAP data has found strong correlations between upper ocean density measured with profile data, satellite sea surface height and AMOC variability.

This gives support to the idea that indirect observations could be used to monitor long term AMOC change. With the availability of 20 years of RAPID and 10 years of OSNAP observations, now is the time to test this approach with real-world data.

The challenge is to define a new framework for monitoring the temporal and spatial evolution of the AMOC, and associated heat and freshwater transports, using existing Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) observational networks. This will remove, or reduce, the need for complex and costly moored transport arrays.

Proposals will need to:

  • test the new framework against the existing AMOC observations (RAPID, OSNAP) to verify that, at least for the timescales that direct observations are available, the indirect approach can reproduce the direct measurements to within acceptable error bounds
  • produce recommendations for enhanced sampling in the GOOS networks to reduce the potential errors in pursing this approach
  • use the approach to extend the AMOC record backwards in time using historic data

Any proposed approach must both have data available going back in time for a sufficiently long period and be sustainable going forward into the future.

This challenge is based on the hypothesis that the interannual and longer temporal variability of AMOC heat transport has a multi-parameter ocean or atmosphere signature and sensitivity to forcing that is different in each meridional zone (Nordic, subpolar, subtropics).

This could be exploited to estimate the time varying AMOC using indirect observations of the relevant parameters.

Challenge six: enhanced understanding of carbon accumulation in the North Atlantic by combining models and ocean transport observations.

The ocean is the largest dynamic reservoir of carbon in the Earth system, and the North Atlantic is a key sink for anthropogenic carbon. The accumulation of anthropogenic carbon in the North Atlantic is strongly linked to the AMOC, which is highly variable and predicted to decline during the 21st century as the Earth warms.

The upper limb of the AMOC transports nutrients to the subpolar gyre and the slowing of the AMOC may impact the currently highly productive waters and the intense biological carbon uptake there.

Absorption of carbon dioxide in seawater is decreasing pH and reducing the ability of many organisms to grow calcium carbonate shells. These ocean acidification impacts are conveyed to the deep ocean by the AMOC, endangering cold-water coral habitats.

Quantifying the uptake of carbon by the North Atlantic serves as a major constraint on the uncertain northern hemisphere land sink. The terrestrial biosphere sink for anthropogenic carbon is of a similar magnitude to the ocean sink but has large uncertainties and so is quantified as the residual of total emissions and the changes in ocean and atmospheric carbon inventories.

Consequently, understanding the magnitude and likely future trend in North Atlantic carbon accumulation in response to changing ocean circulation and atmospheric conditions is crucial for determining:

  • the fate of global carbon stocks, both in the ocean and in the wider Earth system
  • the impacts on North Atlantic ecosystems

This challenge will seek to estimate anthropogenic carbon transport, uptake and storage in the North Atlantic. This will be done by combining AMOC transport observations with hydrographic carbon data and air-sea fluxes to provide an improved understanding of changes in anthropogenic carbon accumulation in the basin.

Proposals should seek to exploit the RAPID and OSNAP AMOC measurements to obtain improved estimates of changes in anthropogenic carbon accumulation in the North Atlantic, together with a measure of the uncertainties in those estimates.

The results should be compared to climate model results for changes in anthropogenic carbon transports, uptake and accumulation, in order to assess our ability to obtain accurate predictions and projections for future carbon uptake and accumulation in the North Atlantic.


Through the delivery of the programme’s challenges, the outcomes of this programme will:

  • determine the controls on the heat and freshwater budgets of the North Atlantic Ocean by combining longer term (more than five years) observations of the AMOC with ocean climate models
  • understand the role of AMOC in seasonal to interannual climate predictability, leading to improved predictive capability from models
  • determine how the AMOC impacts circum-Atlantic changes in sea level
  • determine the feasibility of using indirect measurements to monitor the AMOC
  • provide an improved understanding of the accumulation of anthropogenic carbon in the North Atlantic
  • provide an appraisal of transformational observation and modelling approaches that will allow for North Atlantic observations to be sustained at much reduced cost
  • deliver an implementation plan to enable the transformation of the current configuration of the UK-US RAPID observing system to a more sustainable, lower cost, system for AMOC observations by the end of current US-UK funding in 2026 to 2027

Apply for funding

This funding opportunity is focused on challenges two to six. Apply for funding to address one of these challenges.

All projects must be collaborative and include UK and US scientists. One integrated proposal should be submitted to NERC detailing both the UK and US contributions to the project.

Proposals addressing challenges three, four and five are encouraged to consider engaging with the UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre on a Project Partner basis. Potential in-kind contributions from the Met Office Hadley Centre are outlined in the ‘additional info’ section.

Projects will be required to provide progress reports to the CCROC Programme Advisory Group twice a year and attend review meetings. Meetings will be held virtually.

The travel and subsistence costs for three members of the project team to attend a programme science meeting in person must be included in proposals.

Proposals must start no later than 10 November 2023 and must finish by 31 March 2026. Successful proposals will not be able to apply for no cost extensions and should therefore consider carefully the time required for any recruitment activity and factor this into workplans for proposals.

Funding available

The FEC for a project will be up to £625,000 for the UK component. NERC will fund 80% of FEC for most UK costs, with some exceptions (see ‘what we will not fund’ heading). The US component or proposals will be funded under the lead agency agreement and costs will be limited to $625,000 per project.

Up to four projects will be funded. One project will be funded to address challenge six. It is possible that one or more of these challenges will not be addressed by successful proposals. One proposal will be funded to address challenge three. If a challenge three proposal is not recommended for funding by the assessment panel, the funders may decide to fund a third project addressing challenges two, four or five.

We will fund 80% of the FEC for UK organisations:

  • directly incurred costs such as staff payroll, travel and subsistence, and consumables
  • directly allocated costs such as investigators’ salaries, estates costs and shared resources
  • indirect costs such as research organisation administration

UK equipment is funded at 50% FEC.

Eligible international co-investigator costs (under the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis or Norway agreement) are funded at:

  • 100% for eligible direct costs
  • a maximum of 30% of the FEC value can be requested for all international costs

For eligible international co-investigators, we will fund:

  • co-investigator salaries
  • directly incurred (DI) costs (for example, travel and subsistence, consumables)
  • research assistants

What we will not fund

For eligible international co-investigators we will not fund:

  • estates and other indirect costs
  • capital costs
  • equipment over £10,000 (anything under £10,000 can be requested under DI costs)

NERC services and facilities

Proposals should include formal requests for NERC services and facilities (for example, high-performance computing (HPC) or isotope analyses) where relevant. No NERC ship-time or support from the National Marine Facilities is available for the UK component of funded projects.

No additional funding is available to cover NERC services and facilities costs. Therefore, all costs associated with the use of NERC services and facilities  must be included within:

  • the funding limit of proposals
  • the directly incurred other costs of proposals

Prior to submitting a proposal, applicants wishing to use a NERC service or facility must contact the facility to seek agreement that they could provide the service required.

If you wish to use most NERC facilities you will need to submit a mandatory ‘technical assessment’ with your proposal. This technical assessment is required for aircraft but not for HPC. For NERC, this means a quote for the work which the facility will provide.

A full list of the facilities requiring this quote can be found on the NERC website. Further information on NERC services and facilities can be found on the NERC website.

Data management

For NERC-relevant data, you must adhere to the NERC data policy. You should produce an outline data management plan as part of your proposal.

NERC will pay the data centre directly on behalf of your programme for archival and curation services. However, you should ensure that you request sufficient resources to cover preparation of data for archiving by the research team.

Read the NERC data policy.

How to apply

Notification of intent

If you wish to submit a proposal you must register a notification of intent (NoI) for your plans by 3:00pm UK time on 18 May 2023. Please use the NoI template (DOCX, 14KB).

Only those who have registered an NoI will be able to submit a full proposal.

The NoIs will be used to inform NERC’s plans for the assessment panel.

Email your NoI to:

You must apply using the Joint Electronic Submission (Je-S) system.

You can find advice on completing your application in:

We recommend you start your application early.

Your host organisation will also be able to provide advice and guidance.

Submitting your application

Before starting an application, you will need to log in or create an account in Je-S.

All investigators involved in the project need to be registered on Je-S.

Any investigators who do not have a Je-S account must register for one at least seven working days before the funding opportunity deadline.

When applying:

  1. Select ‘documents’, then ‘new document’.
  2. Select ‘call search’.
  3. To find the opportunity, search for: CCROC JUN23.

This will populate:

  • council: NERC
  • document type: standard
  • scheme: directed
  • call/type/mode: CCROC JUN23

Once you have completed your application, make sure you ‘submit document’.

You can save completed details in Je-S at any time and return to continue your application later.

This funding opportunity will close at 4:00pm UK time on 15 June 2023.


NERC must receive your application by 15 June 2023 at 4:00pm UK time.

You will not be able to apply after this time. Please leave enough time for your proposal to pass through your organisation’s Je-S submission route before this date.

You should ensure you are aware of and follow any internal institutional deadlines that may be in place.

Proposals will be office rejected and not considered for funding if they:


Attachments submitted through the Je-S system must be completed in single-spaced typescript of minimum font size 11 (Arial or other sans serif typeface), with margins of at least 2cm.

Exceptionally, this does not apply to:

  • letters of support
  • quotes for services, facilities or equipment

Arial Narrow, Calibri and Times New Roman are not allowable font types and any proposal which has used any of these font types within the submission will be rejected.

On submission, we convert all non-PDF documents to PDF. The use of non-standard fonts may result in errors of font conversion, which could affect the overall length of the document.

Additionally, where non-standard fonts are present (and even if the converted PDF document may look unaffected in the Je-S system), some information may be removed when it is imported into the research councils’ grants system.

We therefore recommend that where a document contains any non-standard fonts (for example, scientific notation or diagrams), the document should be converted to PDF before it is attached to the proposal.

References and footnotes should be in the same font type as the rest of the document, with a minimum font size of 11.

Headers and footers should not be used for references or information relating to the scientific case. If you refer to websites you should note that referees may choose not to check hyperlinks.

You should ensure that their proposal conforms to all eligibility and submission rules, or their proposal may be rejected without peer review.

More details on NERC’s submission rules can be found in the NERC research grant and fellowships handbook and the NERC guidance for applicants.

What to include

Proposals must include the following documents:

Case for support

The case for support should comprise:

  • details of your previous track record (up to two sides of A4)
  • a description of your proposed research (up to six sides of A4)

Outline data management plan (if applicable)

Write up to one side of A4.

Justification of resources

This should be a narrative description of why you require the resources requested. It should include a justification for all items of equipment costing between £10,000 and the UK Research and Innovation equipment threshold of £138,000 (£115,000 excluding VAT).

Write up to two sides of A4 in total, to cover all research organisations involved.


CVs are required for all named research staff. Write up to two sides of A4 for each CV.

Project partner letter of support

Each project partner should write no more than one side of A4.

Facility form

This should be used to apply for high performance computing (HPC) when use of ARCHER2 will exceed 500 thousand compute units in any one year for the whole project.

NERC services and facilities

Proposals should include formal requests and access costs for NERC services and facilities (for example, HPC or isotope analyses) where relevant.

How we will assess your application

Proposals will be evaluated by an assessment panel consisting of independent experts and relevant members of the NERC Peer Review College, where possible.

The panel review is anticipated to take place during the week commencing 24 July 2023. NERC and NSF reserve the right for the assessment panel to carry out a sift stage ahead of the panel meeting if a large number of proposals are received. If you pass the sift stage you will be invited to attend the panel to present your proposal to the panel and respond to questions.

The assessment criteria will be:

  • excellence
  • fit to scheme

We will provide feedback to both successful and unsuccessful applicants.

To make the final funding decisions, NERC will consider the recommendations of the assessment panel, the overall funding opportunity requirements, and the available budget.

Contact details

Get help with developing your proposal

For help and advice on costings and writing your proposal please contact your research office in the first instance, allowing sufficient time for your organisation’s submission process.

Ask about this funding opportunity

Jessica Surma


Get help with applying through Je-S



01793 444164

Opening times

Je-S helpdesk opening times.

Additional info


The AMOC is a key component of the climate system and influences the weather and climate of the regions surrounding the Atlantic Ocean.

The co-incidence of longer-term (more than five years) observations of the AMOC in recent years at a number of locations in the North Atlantic (many of which are largely underpinned by US and UK funding) presents a unique opportunity for a joint US-UK research programme to address challenges that take advantage of these co-incident observations to build towards both a better understanding of the AMOC and its role in climate.

Note that challenge one is not part of this funding opportunity, and this information is provided as background for the challenges in this funding opportunity.

Challenge one: design and demonstration of a more sustainable, lower cost, RAPID 26˚N observing system for future observations of the AMOC

The Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) observing system at 26 degrees north in the Atlantic has provided many new insights into ocean circulation and climate. These observations will need to be sustained in some form as the AMOC and its impacts are expected to continue to vary significantly and potentially decline on decadal time scales. This has been shown in RAPID observations since 2004, and in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections (IPCC, 2019).

The challenge is to develop an observing system for the North Atlantic that will enable continuity of AMOC observations at 26 degrees north of value to researchers and forecasters at a sustainable and much reduced cost.

Since the start of sustained RAPID observations in 2004, there have been significant advances in technology, including new sensors (for example, drift free pressure sensors), improved ocean and climate models and re-analyses, and the expanded Argo and Earth observation programmes.

This challenge addresses how these advances can be used to provide robust estimates of the AMOC, and associated heat and freshwater transports, at significantly lower cost, either through direct measurements or the combination of direct measurements and models (for example, forecast and re-analyses).

Addressing this challenge will require innovative approaches that could, for example, combine a much-reduced subset of existing RAPID moored observations with other direct observations (for example, Argo, satellite data, new sensor technologies), or with ocean reanalyses, to produce AMOC volume, heat and freshwater transport estimates.

The key deliverables of this challenge are:

  • an in-situ demonstration and appraisal of alternate AMOC observing approaches with associated accuracies as a function of timescale and frequency of update (deadline: demonstration and appraisal of alternate system to be completed by end of year three)
  • an implementation plan for the transformation of the current RAPID observing system to a sustainable and much reduced cost system for implementation post 2026 to 2027 (meaning, at the end of current NSF-NERC funding) (deadline: initial plan with costs to be delivered by end of year one, final plan with costs to be delivered by end of year three)

Potential areas for Met Office Hadley Centre collaboration with CCROC as a project partner

The Met Office Hadley Centre has an active research programme in a number of areas relevant to Climate Consequences of Rapid Ocean Changes (CCROC), particularly for this funding opportunity with respect to challenges three, four and five, and is keen to explore collaboration as project partners with those leading CCROC proposals.

Relevant areas include:

  • ocean data assimilation and reanalysis for state estimation
  • evaluation of model-simulated AMOC against observations
  • seasonal and decadal climate prediction
  • high-resolution climate model projections of future change

Potential areas for collaboration with each challenge are noted below, with a contact point who is available to discuss ideas in confidence.

Challenge three: using RAPID and Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program observations to establish the predictability of North Atlantic sector climate

The Met Office’s seasonal and decadal prediction systems (GloSea and DePreSys) are underpinned by a strong research programme on predictability with a particular focus on Atlantic sector climate.

The Met Office is the World Meteorological Organization Lead Centre for annual to decadal climate prediction, and hence has strong contacts with climate prediction centres worldwide. It is also active in the World Climate Research Programme’s Lighthouse Activity on explaining and predicting Earth system change.

Therefore, the Met Office is keen to collaborate on this challenge, and can offer insights derived from its experience with operational prediction systems as well as a potential path from research advances into operational use.

Contact: Doug Smith

Challenge four: coastal and shelf sea level and AMOC

The Met Office has a strong research programme in global and regional sea level and led the sea level component of the most recent UK national climate projections (UKCP18). Recently an ensemble of downscaled marine projections has been produced for the North-West European shelf seas, driven by the UKCP18 global model ensemble which shows a range of AMOC responses.

These global and regional model ensembles present an opportunity to evaluate mechanisms of AMOC imprint on coastal sea level in one region, complementing observation-based studies.

Contact: Matt Palmer

Challenge five: monitoring the AMOC temporal and spatial evolution through indirect observations

The Met Office Hadley Centre has experience in using a range of climate model experiments to test the ability of proposed AMOC proxies to detect AMOC changes arising from various sources (for example, internal variability, response to climate forcings, crossing of tipping points).

Potential collaboration could involve using model experiments and reanalyses to test proposed proxies arising out of this challenge, beyond the sampling limits of the available observational timeseries.

Contact: Laura Jackson

International Science Partnership Fund

This funding opportunity is funded through the International Science Partnership Fund.

The International Science Partnerships Fund is designed to enable potential and foster prosperity. It puts research and innovation at the heart of our international relationships, supporting UK researchers and innovators to work with peers around the world on the major themes of our time.

The fund is managed by the Department for Science, Innovation and Technology and will be delivered by a consortium of the UK’s leading research and innovation bodies.

Find out more about the International Science Partnerships Fund.

Responsible research

Through our funding processes, we seek to make a positive contribution to society and the environment. This is not just through research outputs and outcomes but through the way in which research is conducted and facilities managed.

All NERC grant holders are to adopt responsible research practices as set out in the NERC responsible business statement.

Responsible research is defined as reducing harm or enhancing benefit to the environment and society through effective management of research activities and facilities. Specifically, this covers:

  • the natural environment
  • the local community
  • equality, diversity and inclusion

Grant holders should consider the responsible research context of their project, not the host institution as a whole, and take action to enhance their responsible research approach where practical and reasonable.

Reporting requirements

If you are successful in getting funding, you will need to report your research outcomes through a service called Researchfish. This is required annually and continues for up to five years after funding ends. Find out about UKRI reporting requirements.

COVID-19 impacts

UK Research and Innovation recognises that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused major interruptions and disruptions across our communities. We are committed to ensuring that individual applicants and their wider team, including partners and networks, are not penalised for any disruption to their careers such as:

  • breaks and delays
  • disruptive working patterns and conditions
  • the loss of on-going work
  • role changes that may have been caused by the pandemic

Reviewers and panel members will be advised to consider the unequal impacts of the impact that COVID-19 related disruption might have had on the track record and career development of those individuals included in the application. They will be asked to consider the capability of the applicant and their wider team to deliver the research they are proposing.

Where disruptions have occurred you can highlight this within your application, if you wish, but there is no requirement to detail the specific circumstances that caused the disruption.

Supporting documents

Notification of intent form (DOCX, 14KB)

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